Symptoms of endometriosis

Endome­triosis is a pro­blem which affects many women. What is that? In short, it is the process of moving and implan­ting the uterine mucosal cells into other organs. Those most often attacted are: perito­neum lining the lower pelvis, ovaries, fallo­pian tubes, urinary bladder, and sometimes even more distant organs, such as the appendix or lung. Endome­trial lesions grow during the cycle (just like the uterine mucosa) and bleed during menstru­ation, causing an open wound, inflam­ma­tion, as well as adhesions - these in turn, when they encyst on the surface of the ovary, form endome­trial cysts.

Rys. The picture shows a healthy woman's uterus.

Rys. The reproductive system of a woman changed as a result of many years of endometriosis.

Pain ailments

Due to the fact that the perito­neum is very well-in­ne­rva­ted, bleeding lesions cause pain for patients. Depen­ding on the location there may be:

  • abdominal pain during menstruation (it may start a few days before, or be chronic in extreme cases),
  • nausea and vomiting during menstruation are often the response to the peritoneal irritation,
  • pain during intercourse,
  • pain during urination,
  • pain during defecation (adhesions in the end of the large intestine and deep infiltrating endometriosis),
  • pain in the spine; sometimes radiating to legs.

As we can see, the leading symptom of endome­triosis is pain. However, we would like to empha­size that pain does not always corre­late with the exacer­ba­tion of disease. 20% of patients with endome­triosis are asymp­to­matic regar­dless of exacer­ba­tion.

Endome­triosis is not an ovarian or perito­neal disease. Endome­triosis is a sys­temic disease and is often accom­pa­nied by many other symptoms such as: - heada­ches, - fatigue, - flatu­lence, - consti­pa­tion, - reduced immunity.

Endome­triosis often coexists with other autoim­mune diseases such as Hashi­mo­to's disease, rheuma­toid arthri­tis, multiple sclero­sis, as well as allergy or asthma.

Fertility problems

Inferi­lity is frequent and very serious symptom of endome­trio­sis. It is true that there are many causes of infer­ti­lity, but it has to be empha­sised that most women suffe­ring from endome­triosis have a pro­blem with getting pregnant. Inflam­ma­tion caused by mon­thly bleeding to the abdomen causes an unfriendly environ­ment for the ovum and sperm. The trans­port of sperm to the target and then the embryo into the uterine cavity is restric­ted, which slightly incre­ases the risk of ectopic pregnancy. The implan­ta­tion is also diffi­cult to achieve; that may increase the risk of miscar­riage. As we have mentio­ned, endome­triosis is a sys­temic disease and impairs the quality of the ovum, causes ovula­tion disor­ders and dysfunc­tion of yellow corpuscle.

If you have any distur­bing symptoms, do not hesitate to contact us.

Wondering if you also have endometriosis?

The sooner you diagnose this disease, the more likely you are to cure it completely. It means not only a better quality of life due to the lack of menstrual ailments, but also a restoration of your natural fertility.