Symptoms of endometriosis
Endometriosis is a problem which affects many women. What is that? In short, it is the process of moving and implanting the uterine mucosal cells into other organs. Those most often attacted are: peritoneum lining the lower pelvis, ovaries, fallopian tubes, urinary bladder, and sometimes even more distant organs, such as the appendix or lung. Endometrial lesions grow during the cycle (just like the uterine mucosa) and bleed during menstruation, causing an open wound, inflammation, as well as adhesions - these in turn, when they encyst on the surface of the ovary, form endometrial cysts.
Due to the fact that the peritoneum is very well-innervated, bleeding lesions cause pain for patients. Depending on the location there may be:
- abdominal pain during menstruation (it may start a few days before, or be chronic in extreme cases),
- nausea and vomiting during menstruation are often the response to the peritoneal irritation,
- pain during intercourse,
- pain during urination,
- pain during defecation (adhesions in the end of the large intestine and deep infiltrating endometriosis),
- pain in the spine; sometimes radiating to legs.
As we can see, the leading symptom of endometriosis is pain. However, we would like to emphasize that pain does not always correlate with the exacerbation of disease. 20% of patients with endometriosis are asymptomatic regardless of exacerbation.
Endometriosis is not an ovarian or peritoneal disease. Endometriosis is a systemic disease and is often accompanied by many other symptoms such as: - headaches, - fatigue, - flatulence, - constipation, - reduced immunity.
Endometriosis often coexists with other autoimmune diseases such as Hashimoto's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, as well as allergy or asthma.
Inferility is frequent and very serious symptom of endometriosis. It is true that there are many causes of infertility, but it has to be emphasised that most women suffering from endometriosis have a problem with getting pregnant. Inflammation caused by monthly bleeding to the abdomen causes an unfriendly environment for the ovum and sperm. The transport of sperm to the target and then the embryo into the uterine cavity is restricted, which slightly increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy. The implantation is also difficult to achieve; that may increase the risk of miscarriage. As we have mentioned, endometriosis is a systemic disease and impairs the quality of the ovum, causes ovulation disorders and dysfunction of yellow corpuscle.
If you have any disturbing symptoms, do not hesitate to contact us.